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Kampar Gospel Hall, 25 May 2003

King David, Part One: 2 Samuel 1 - 12


The LORD gave King Saul into the hands of the Philistines after he sinned greatly in:

2 Samuel

After Saul’s death, David reigned over Judah for 7 years and over the 12 reunited tribes for another 33 years. He received great blessings from the LORD, but eventually he sinned by committing adultery and murder.

1 Kings 1 - 2

Despite his infirmity and an attempt by Adonijah the son of Haggith to usurp the throne, David proclaimed his son Solomon to be his successor.  After giving his last instructions to Solomon, David died.

1 Chronicles

Records the genealogy of King David and highlights the significance of his righteous reign.

1) The Report of Saul's Death

2 Sam 1: 1-27

David's behaviour, in mourning for Saul, appears to illustrate the Lord Jesus' teaching in His sermon on the mount, "Love your enemies, bless those who curse you, do good to those who hate you and pray for those who spitefully use you and persecute you, that you may be sons of your Father in heaven; for He makes His sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust....." (Matthew 5: 44, 45)

2) David anointed King of Judah, long war with Saul's household.

2 Sam 2: 1 - 4: 12

King David ruled over Judah for seven and a half years, patiently waiting for the LORD's promise to be fulfilled, since his anointing by Samuel in 1 Sam 16: 13.  With Abner, Saul's commander and uncle wielding power over the all the other tribes of Israel, only the tribe of Judah were loyal to David.  Abner installed Ishbosheth, son of Saul, as the new king over Israel and over the years, while there was a long war between Judah and Israel, he became more influential and powerful over Israel.  However, the hand of the LORD is more powerful than Abner's and finally Abner was accused of immorality by King Ishbosheth for committing adultery with Rizpah, one of Saul's concubines.  This made Abner very angry, particularly after all that he had done for Ishbosheth and Israel, and he switched loyalty to David's kingdom, but was soon after murdered by Joab, a servant of David.

As David had mourned for Saul, he also mourned for Abner.  But Ishbosheth lost courage and was eventually murdered by two of his army captains, Rechab and Baanah.  Finally, all the tribes of Israel pledged their loyalty to King David at Hebron.

The great patience and unswerving faithfulness of King David serves as an example for us as disciples of Christ today, who are reminded in 1 Peter 3: 1-9 that "the Lord is not slack concerning His promise (of His returning)... but is longsuffering toward us, not willing that any should perish but that all should come to repentance."

3) David begins to reign over all Israel

2 Sam 5: 1 - 6: 23

David captured Jerusalem from the Jebusites, oneof the Caananite tribes, and went on to drive back an invasion of the Philistines in the Rephaim Valley, from Geba to Gezer. Jerusalem became the capital of David's kingdom, a palace was built for him and his kingdom became prosperous. 2 Sam 5: 10, "So David went on and became great, and the LORD God of hosts was with him".  However, David was not obsessed by such power and prosperity.  His heart was after God, and with much zeal and celebration he brought back the Ark of the Covenant from Kiriath-jearim to Jerusalem, where he placed it in a specially prepared tabernacle.  David's organisation of the worship at the tabernacle at Jerusalem became the foundation for worship later at the First Temple built by his son Solomon.

4) God's covenant with David

2 Sam 7: 1-29

David's desire to build a temple for the LORD was replied with a gentle admonishment from the LORD through the prophet Nathan, that the LORD had not dwelt in any house since the day He brought the children of Israel up from Egypt nor had He demanded that a house be built for Him.  Instead, the LORD had moved about in a tent and a tabernacle. And David was told that instead of building a house for the LORD, the LORD will make a house for him. 2 Samuel 7: 12, 13 is a prophecy about the everlasting house of God to be fulfilled by the Lord Jesus Christ: "When your days are fulfilled and you rest with your fathers, I will set up your seed after you, who will come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom.  He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever." One may say that there were to be two fulfillments to this prophecy, one by Solomon who built the magnificient First Temple in Jerusalem with the plans and resources organised by David just before he died. But his kingdom did not last forever.  So the real fulfillment was in Christ's kingdom, for which we look forward to today as the return of the Lord.  This also reminds us of the words of the Lord Jesus himself, when he referred to his body as God's temple, after he drove out the hawkers and money changers, in John 2: 19 "Destroy this temple and in three days I will raise it up".  It also reminds us today that our bodies are a temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in us. Thus, God does not live in a temple built by hands.  God's temple is holy, anyone who defiles this temple will be destroyed by God. (1 Corinthians 3: 16, 17). 

5) David continues to reign

2 Sam 8: 1 - 10: 19

Attacked Philistines, subdued them; defeated Moab; defeated Hadadezer, King of Zobah; garrisoned Syrians of Damascus and made them his servants;  also garrisoned Edom (Chapter 8).  In the midst of this string of victories, David remembered his promise to his good friend Jonathan, son of Saul (in 1 Samuel 20: 15, where both David made a covenant with Jonathan, swearing in the name of the LORD, not to cut off his kindness from Jonathan's house forever), by taking care of Jonathan's son Mephibosheth who feet were lame.  Later, when the king of Ammon died, his successor, Hanun rejected the condolences from servants sent by David and, instead, sent them back in shame with beards and garments half cut off.  Knowing that they had offended David, they hired Syrian soldiers from Beth Rehob and Zoba and stationed themselves for war.  David, army commander, Joab, defeated them with the assistance of his brother, Abishai.  After this the Syrians, under King Hadedezer, attempted a counter-attack but were defeated by David at the battle of Helam, across the Jordan River through the Edrei gap.

6) David sins against the LORD

2 Sam 11: 1 - 12: 25

In spite of David's long training and preparation by the LORD before he attained full authority as king over all the tribes of Israel, David finally fell into temptation, abusing his absolute power as king to covet another man's wife and send the man to his death.  How much more severe would his abuse of power be had David been allowed on the throne quickly and without any difficulties.  This reminds us of the Apostle Paul's teaching in 1 Timothy 3: 6, that elder or "bishop" must not be a novice, lest being puffed up with pride, he fall into the same condemnation as the devil.